Dust Collection Cleans Workplace Environments for Worker Safety and Machinery Efficiency
In its simplest form, a dust collection system can be described as similar to a vacuum cleaner. The dust collection ductwork is the hose and wand that draws the dust or fumes away from the machine generating pollutants. And the dust collector is the vacuum cleaner which filters the dust and returns clean air either to the building or outside.
Dust collection is used to enhance worker safety, provides a cleaner, healthier work environment (clean air) and helping to eliminate the risk of fires, and possibly explosions, created by the buildup of “combustible dust”. Cleaner environments also promote optimal machinery performance.
Dust collection ductwork falls into two major categories—flexible hose duct and hard, fixed duct.
Flexible Hose is a rubber or plastic hose with a metal grounding helix that MUST be grounded at each end to keep static electricity from building up and generating dangerous sparks. Hose is only appropriate for short runs, such as machine connections. That is because its rough interior and “floppy” nature cause significant static pressure loss, which requires higher energy use and can result in poor system performance. Steel hose may be used where contaminants being removed are too abrasive for rubber hose.
Hard, Fixed Dust Collection Ductwork is usually constructed out of either plastic or metal (galvanized or stainless steel, depending on the application). All-metal construction is used on virtually all industrial and commercial applications as it reduces the chance of dangerous static electricity buildup. The smooth rigid interior of metal duct reduces static pressure loss, even over long runs. Metal duct construction types could include spiral wound or seamed.
Duct Connection Types
Fit-together metal ducting systems are generally available with flanged or clamp-together ends / connection types.
Flanged ducting is joined using metal flanges or angle rings. In this method, flanges are fitted over each end of the duct collar and the edge of the duct is “vanstoned” (turned up to keep the flange in place) or the flange can be welded to the duct. Then the flanges on the ends of two pieces of duct are simply bolted together to join pieces.
Drawbacks of flanged construction are:
- Construction times are more than twice as long as clamp-together ducting.
- Unless the flanges are affixed perfectly by skilled workers, the duct segments will not align correctly. This results in an unprofessional appearance and higher static pressure loss.
- It is very difficult to move or change the ducting system. In many cases, flanged ducting is simply discarded rather than reconfigured, a consideration when designing your dust collection ducting.
When flanged ducting is required due to size or application, Nordfab can provide components in sizes up to 72" diameter and wall thicknesses as heavy as 10 gauge.
Clamp-Together Ducting and Its Benefits
Clamp-Together ductwork systems, such as Nordfab Quick-Fit®, in which each section of duct has a rolled edge that is joined quickly with a simple tool-free clamp, offer many advantages, including:
- Installation times of less than half that of standard flanged duct systems.
- Nordfab clamp-together duct systems align perfectly, so long runs are even and have minimal static pressure loss.
- Clamp-together ducting systems can be taken apart and reconfigured quickly and easily. This allows easy clean-out of the ductwork.
- There is no need to throw any parts away during shop floor reconfiguration, resulting in a longer life cycle.
Nordfab is the originator and world's largest manufacturer of clamp-together ducting. View our QF Clamp Together Ducting
Contact us to learn more about Nordfab® dust collection ductwork.
Nordfab ductwork in dust collection application